Frequently Asked Questions

Below please find answers to some common questions asked about my research, tools, or teaching. If you can't find the answer to your question below, feel free to contact me:


Questions about MEMORE

Q: How do I include covariates in my MEMORE analysis?

A: Because the effects are estimated within person there is no need to control for between person covariates (e.g., age) since you essentially have perfectly matched pairs. However, if you want to control for a within-subject variable, you can include it as another mediator in parallel (if you think it only confounds the M --> Y path) or in serial (prior to the mediator) if you think this variable may confound both the X --> M path and M --> Y path. 


University of California - Los Angeles

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